If you’re like us and handle images on a daily basis, then you would have come across several image formats during your time. The two most popular at this time are JPG and JPEG, but what are the major differences between the two? Well, none actually!. Let us explain the entire thing for your education.
Differences between JPEG and JPG image formats
What is JPEG file format?
The acronym stands for Joint Photographic Experts Group, and that’s the name of the sub-committee that aided in the creation of the JPEG standard along with other standards such as ISO. Now, the JPEG standard was created back in 1992, and since then, it has gone on to become the most used picture format in the world.
One of the key aspects of JPEG is its lossy compression method that was designed to ensure digital photos were kept as small as possible without a huge hit on image quality. This allows for faster loading of images, which the world has come to enjoy.
However, if a JPEG image is edited and saved very often, it will gradually lose more of its quality. Still, those with advanced image editing skills can save the image quality of a JPEG photo while reducing file size all at the same time.
What is JPG file format?
This might come as a surprise to some, but JPG is the same thing as JPEG. There is nothing different with both outsides of the names. You see, JPG came into being due to the limitations of MS-DOS 8.3 and FAT-16 file systems. When it came to file names, they were limited to just 3 characters in a letter, a problem Linux and Mac did not suffer from.
Because of this, image files were saved as .jpg on MS-DOS or Windows, and .jpeg on Linux and Mac computers.
Things have changed a great deal since the days of old. Windows now support more than 3 characters for file extension names, but this hasn’t gotten rid of JPG because Windows users are now used to using .jpg as an extension.
What is JPEG 2000?
JPEG 2000 came about as a format to replace JPEG, but unfortunately, it did not catch on. This is due to the larger file size of images, and although it delivers better image quality when compared to the older version, folks were not willing to give up hard drive space for better quality photos. Additionally, JPEG 2000 was not backward compatible with JPEG, and to many, that was a problem.
The format is still around but hardly used by anyone since only the Apple Safari web browser supports it on the web at the time of writing.
Is JPEG better than PNG?
PNG is a higher compression format for those who want greater quality out of their images, as long as they understand photos will take up more space on their devices. As for JPEG, it uses lossy compression, therefore, images come out looking decent but at a smaller size.
For quality, choose PNG, but if you have limited space, then JPEG should be your best friend going forward.
Read: PNG vs JPG vs GIF vs BMP vs TIF: Image file formats explained.
Which is better JPEG or PDF?
Out of the two options, PDF has higher quality than JPEG. As stated above, JPEG’s biggest downside for image quality is down to its compression method. Whenever quality is lost, there is no way to retain it. PDFs, on the other hand, s more customizable with better quality, which makes the file format the best choice for printers.